Difference between an abstract class and an interface?

An Abstract class is a class with some common/certain implementations and defines abstraction for other services which are implemented in its concrete sub classes, whereas interface only have method declaration with zero implementations. The difference between Abstract class and An Interface is that if u call Abstract class then u have to call all method of that particular Abstract class but if u call an Interface then it is not necessary that u call all method of that particular interface. An abstract class is a special kind of class that cannot be instantiated. So the question is why we need a class that cannot be instantiated? An abstract class is only to be sub-classed (inherited from). In other words, it only allows other classes to inherit from it but cannot be instantiated. The advantage is that it enforces certain hierarchies for all the subclasses. In simple words, it is a kind of contract that forces all the subclasses to carry on the same hierarchies or standards.

An interface is not a class. It is an entity that is defined by the word Interface. An interface has no implementation; it only has the signature, just the definition of the methods without the declaration(body). As one of the similarities to Abstract class, it is a contract that is used to define hierarchies for all subclasses or it defines specific set of methods and their arguments. Since C# doesn’t support multiple inheritance, interfaces are used to implement multiple inheritance.

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One Response to Difference between an abstract class and an interface?

  1. a says:

    Its always a huge confusion for these concept. but this article is nicely explained.

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